‘Surely Norway has been made as a playground for the people of other countries, but especially for Englishmen.’ (Joseph Phythian, 1877)
In this week’s podcast we hear how the tourism industry in Norway was given a kick-start by hordes of Englishmen fleeing the packaged tours and sweaty piazzas of Italy and Greece.From the middle of the 19th century, the newly-wealthy middle class of Britain invaded Norway. With them came their poetry collections, bottled porter, and jars of pickles. And they set about making the Norwegian wilds into a holiday destination fit for an Englishman.
However, when they came face to face with Norway’s flattened class structure, it made them insecure. In the rural farm owners – a class of proud and independent people – they met their match.
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The opulent Hardanger Hotel in Odda, built to cater for the flood of British tourists exploring Norway’s West Country.
Photographer: Unknown. Owner: Norsk folkemuseum. Licence: (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0)
00:00 North by Norway
written on GarageBand by Andrew J. Boyle, adapting the Norwegian folksong ‘I Ola-dalom, i Ola-tjønn’
03:25 Cattle Call
Edvard Grieg, op. 66
version arranged on GarageBand by Andrew J. Boyle
09:30 Land of Hope and Glory
Edward Elgar, words by A. C. Benson. Sung by Clara Butt, retrieved from Wikipedia Commons
Edward Grieg, op. 17, no. 7
performed on GarageBand by Andrew J. Boyle
13:35 Don’t Dilly Dally on the Way
Fred W. Leigh and Charles Collins
arranged and performed on GarageBand by Andrew J. Boyle
Johan Bøgh, Fra Bergenskanten (From Bergen and its Surrounds) (Bergen: Ed. B. Giertsens forl., 1888)
Peter Fjågesund and Ruth A. Symes, The Northern Utopia: British Perspectives of Norway in the Nineteenth Century (Amsterdam & New York: Rodopi, 2003)
J. C. Phythian, Scenes of Travel in Norway (London: Cassell, Petter & Gilpin, 1877)
Frederick Metcalfe, The Oxonian in Thelemarken; or Notes of Excursions in that Country, (London: Hurst and Blackett, 1858. First edition, 1856)
J. Ross Browne, The Land of Thor (New York: Harper & brothers, 1867)